Learn About Sardinia
According to Greek legends, Aristaeus introduced this cultivation to Sardinia. The hero settled here because of the beauty of the land and he gave his two sons names linked to agriculture and viticulture: Kallikarpos, meaning ‘bearing good fruit’ and Charmos, from the Semitic krmy (winemaker). From mythography to reality. Today, the fact that wine-making on the Island goes back at least as far as the 15th century BC is a certainty: according to archaeologists, botanists and chemists, the oldest wine in the Western Mediterranean area was Sardinian. It was a sort of Cannonau dating back more than three thousand years. The theory became a certainty at the end of 2016, with the analysis of organic residue from a stone press discovered in the Nuragic village of Monte Zara, next to Monastir, a few kilometres from Cagliari. Archaeobotanical studies have unequivocally led us back to the practice of pressing and processing of grapes, particularly red grapes. This is the most ancient press in the Mediterranean, proof of the Nuragic civilization’s considerable expertise in wine-making. The discovery places wine tradition as far back as the Middle Bronze Age, even though the thriving presence of vitis vinifera sylvestris leads us to assume that there was domestication and highly evolved oenology even further back in time.
Sardinia displays the jewels of its thousands of years of history: a treasure in which festivities and festivals, customs, artistic handicrafts and delicacies, celebrations of sacred and profane rituals all shine out
May is the month of identity: let yourself be carried away by the passion of the events that embody the spirit of the island and in which thousands of visitors find themselves involved in the inebriating atmosphere of ancestral traditions. Beginning with the Celebration of Saint Ephysius: this has been the most important event for over three and a half centuries in Cagliari, but it can also be considered the celebration of the whole of Sardinia, due to the joint participation of the entire population of the Island. Following close behind, in quick succession, one per week, are the celebrations of Saint Francis in Lulaand the celebrations in honour of Saint Simplicio in Olbia, uniting the sacred and the profane. The tradition of identity in May closes with a lay event: the Cavalcata Sarda (Sardinian Cavalcade), dating back to the end of the 19th century, the charm of which has remained unchanged: hundreds of horsemen and horsewomen and thousands of people in costume parade through Sassari.
Natural scenery for an island straight out of a film
Some backdrops don’t require sophisticated technological solutions, but offer untouched natural landscapes where scenes and films become a spectacle within a spectacle. These are the spectacular sceneries of Sardinia: amazing artistic locations, straight out of a film
Numerous Sardinian directors have and continue to tell about their stories set in the authentic life of Sardinian communities, fascinating in its immobility, especially in the island’s interior: for example, “Ballo a tre passi” (2003) and “Sonetaula” (2008) by Salvatore Mereu, the entertaining “The Referee” (2013) by Paolo Zucca, starring Stefano Accorsi, and a film that slips inside the island’s thousand-year culture, “L’Accabbadora” (2015) by Enrico Pau. The success of Cabiddu, following Disamistade, was repeated with “The son of Bakunin” (1997), based on the novel by Sergio Atzeni, and the multi-award winning “The Stuff of Dreams”, set on the island of Asinara, where four members of the Camorra, two security guards accompanying them and four members of a theatre company land following a storm. The ex-“Sardinian Alcatraz” was also recently used as the location for “Era d’estate” (2016), the story of the transfer of judges Borsellino and Falcone to the island.